What is Hypertension?
Hypertension is a term used for high blood pressure. Blood pressure in every human being has two limits: upper limit called "systolic" and the lower limit called "diastolic". Systolic pressure occurs when the heart contracts to send blood to other parts of the body. In normal and healthy humans, this value should be around 120 mmHg in young people and up to 140 mmHg in elderly persons. Diastolic pressure occurs when the heart expands to draw blood from the body. This value should normally be around 80 mmHg. Abnormal value can go up to 120 mmHg and even beyond. Any value above 85 mmHg is indicative of some sort of trouble with the system.
This figure shows the range of blood pressure. In hypertension, diastolic pressure can rise to 110 mmHg and beyond. Similarly the systolic pressure can rise to 230 mmHg or more. In certain cases systolic pressure may be too high while diastolic pressure may be comparatively too low 220/70 (for example).
Hypertension is usually considered a past middle age problem but can occasionally occur in young persons also. In most cases, blood pressure does not remain constant the whole day. It fluctuates according to what has been eaten, physical activity and emotional state etc.
Types of Hypertension
There are several types of hypertension but most common types are:
- Essential Hypertension: It is said to have no known cause and is the most common type.
- Secondary Hypertension: It is caused by other diseases such as diabetes or dysfunction of other organs kidneys. If the cause is removed, blood pressure usually returns to normal.
- Isolated Systolic Hypertension: In this type of hypertension difference between systolic and diastolic blood pressure is too wide. Homeopathic medicines can cure this condition.
There are many factors that can contribute towards hypertension. At times the cause can be found but sometimes no particular cause can be found with certainty, like essential hypertension has no known cause. Modern medical system can manage hypertension while homeopathy can cure it. Common causes of hypertension are:
- Condition of the arteries: With age, the arteries tend to lose their flexibility, become comparatively rigid and fail to support the required expansion during a systole. Effective internal diameter may reduce due to some reason. High cholesterol level is one of the causes of this reduction.
- Sudden emotional disturbance: At times the blood pressure may suddenly shoot up due to sudden and serious emotional disturbance as in case of shocking news. In such cases, the blood pressure may return to normal as the person becomes emotionally calm. Such person may not be called hypertensive.
- Continued mental stress can gradually make a person hypertensive even without other related factors.
- Excessive intake of salt
- Dysfunction of the kidneys
- Hormonal imbalance in the body
- Inherited predisposition. In some families high blood pressure has been found to run for no apparent cause.
- Obesity (Weight loss)
- Excessive use of medicines or side effects of some medicines may raise the blood pressure.
- Dietary habits. Certain food items and fat-rich diet can raise the blood pressure, especially if the use is continuous or prolonged.
- Lack of exercise, insufficient physical activity.
Symptoms of Hypertension
Usual symptom is heaviness in the head and feelings of outward pressure in the ears. Some get a reddish face or feel their face hot. These symptoms are a blessing in the sense that one gets to feel that there is something wrong and can go to a doctor for check up. On the contrary, some persons feel nothing abnormal. This no-feeling condition is dangerous.
Homeopathic Treatment for Hypertension
The treatment should primarily target the cause. If the cause is removed, blood pressure would also become normal but if the cause is not known, as in case of essential hypertension, the treatment would only be palliative. It is commonly said that once high blood pressure develops, it lasts for the lifetime but homeopathy doesn’t say so. Homeopathic medicines can effectively cure it without harmful side effects, not just provide the control. If a medicine is chosen after detailed and careful study of overall symptoms of the individual, it can effectively and permanently cure hypertension.