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What is Psoriasis? How it develops?

What is Psoriasis?

It is a chronic skin disease characterized by silvery scales like that of fish, inflammation under the scales and intense itching. At times the itching is so severe that one feels like scratching with a knife. Scales may be dry or moist but skin under them is usually red.

When the eruption starts, the psoritic spots are small and isolated but as they develop, they become large and expand to an extent where they join each other and look like one thick scale several inches wide (see pictures). When the scales thicken, they may develop cracks which are painful and may also bleed.

How Psoriasis Develops

Psoriasis may start from any part of the body but its favorite areas are scalp, elbows, knees, lower back, palms, soles and ankles. It may also start from finger or toe nails and may ultimately cover the entire body. When it comes, it does not differentiate between a child, male or female. It can affect any one and is now troubling millions of people all over the world. In June 1999, I saw a young female of 25 years in very advanced stage of psoriasis. Her complete body was covered with thick and highly moist scales, discharging to an extent that her bed sheet had to be changed every few hours. Only eyeballs and mucous membranes remained unaffected. She was being treated by allopathic doctors with no improvement. She died a few weeks after I had seen her. Aggravation to such an extent is not very common but this is what psoriasis can do; highly disgusting both physically and emotionally.

It has been noticed that there are times when the skin worsens, then improves. While the aggravation may occur during any time of the year, it usually occurs during dry-cold weather especially during weather changes. As the atmospheric heat increases or when the rainy season starts, the skin starts improving. Symptoms of arthritis may also be associated with it. Nails affected by psoriasis become brittle and badly deformed. Psoriasis is also known to worsen under mental stress and serious emotional set back. Incorrect use of medicines and certain dietary items can also aggravate the disease.

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