What is Typhoid?
Typhoid fever or simply typhoid is also called enteric fever. Basically it is a disease of the abdomen, which also affects the liver and spleen.
Typhoid is one of the many diseases that are caused by use of contaminated food and drinks. Typhoid fever is caused by a bacteria called Salmonella Enteric Serotype Typhi (or simply Salmonella Typhi), which spreads through food and drinks contaminated with feces of the infected person. The food and drinks can be contaminated by washing the utensils with contaminated water. It is a contagious disease and is potentially life-threatening. It may occur alongside some other diseases including Dengue fever in which case it becomes more alarming.
Commonly observed symptoms are:
- Continued fever, which may be low but can also rise up to 40 degrees Celsius (104 degrees Fahrenheit). It can also fluctuate.
- Loss of appetite or poor appetite
- Diarrhea or constipation. Diarrhea in most cases, constipation in some cases
- Rash on the body
- Abdominal pain particularly in the liver area
- Feeling of general weakness
- In the advanced stage bleeding in intestines may occur.
In most cases, typhoid fever is not fatal but if it remains untreated for long time or is handled badly, it can become fatal. In the advanced stage, intestinal perforation and hemorrhage can occur, which are not easy to treat. Such condition can frequently cause death.